What is the Rule of 3?
In a survival situation, the rule of 3 applies to time.
Minutes, hours, and days.
When putting together your survival kit or bug out bag, keep this rule in mind.
The Survival Rule of 3: You can live
3 Minutes without Air
Your body will shut down after 3 minutes without oxygen.
Also at the 3 minute mark is being submerged in ice cold water and severe bleeding.
When you're putting together your bug out bag, here are some ideas that can help.
Benadryl - A bee sting or a spider bite can clog up your airway. An antihistamine can reduce swelling in your airway so you can continue breathing.
Scarves and Masks - In the event that there is a lot of pollution or particles in the air, a respiratory mask will come in handy
First Aid Kit - A first aid kit will have compression bandages which can be used within 3 minutes to stop severe bleeding.
Self Heimlich Maneuver - If you can't breath because you're choking, you need to be able to Heimlich yourself. There is a step by step here.
3 Hours in Harsh Conditions
If you are hot and running low on water (picture Arizona in August) you might not even make it to 3 hours. The sun can suck the water right out of you.
Similarly, a few hours in sub-freezing temps could leave you with hypothermia at best, and a dirt nap at worst. You should know how to warm and cool your body if needed.
Mylar Blanket - Emergency Mylar blankets can be found in most first aid kits. These can keep your body heat in, but also reflect the heat.
Fire Starter - Starting a fire is another way to keep your body temp up. A lighter, matches, and firesteel should be with you.
3 Day Without Water
After 3 days without water, your body will start to break down. Even before that, you will become very weak.
3 Weeks Without Food
Three weeks is really a stretch, but your body can do it. One of the best things you can put in your pack are calorie bars and MREs.
Calorie Bars - Get over 1000 calories from a single bar.
MREs - Just add water to these premade meals. They have a long shelf life and can sustain your body.
Knife - Some type of cutting tool like an EDC knife is ideal to have. A blade can help you with self defense, or to make self defense weapons (spears, bows).
Tactical Light - A bright light is also good to have, but unless it's a kinetically charged light like the flashlight in our Roadside Kit, you will need to find a way to charge your batteries, like a solar charger or powerbank.