There's no better assurance of survival than a well-stocked Bug Out Bag (also referred to as a BOB, a Get Out of Dodge Bag, a GOOD, or a 72 Hour Bag). The BOB is made for emergency situations and should be packed to allow you to survive for at least 3 days on your own. Many preppers have BOBs that will sustain them for longer periods, though carrying more gear will be more difficult than a 3 day BOB. Often, it takes months to build up a BOB that's ideal for you, since collecting the right gear can be expensive and knowing exactly what you'll need requires planning. Whatever stage you're at with your prepping, we've enlisted the help of the Survival Cache, who describe 7 of the essential items you need when packing your Bug Out Bag. Check them out below:
1. Water It should go without saying that water is a survival basic for any situation. In a survival situation water quickly becomes the most precious commodity. 1 Liter per day per person is really the bare minimum. So your 3 day Bug Out Bag should have at least 3 liters of water. To expand your capability or survive longer than a couple of days you will need a water purification system. This can be as simple as boiling water and iodine tablets, or a serious water filter. You can use a Collapsible Water Bottle for extra storage. Make water collection easier with a Backpacking Bucket. Use Coffee Filters to extend the life of your. Find out How Bottled Water Can Improved Your Bug Out Bag.
2. Food For a 3 Day Bug MREs and energy bars can be sufficient. Back pack meals are freeze dried meals that you just add boiling water to. They are light weight and last a long time. Obviously you will need a longer term food solution in any type of wide area catastrophe, but for your basic Bug Out Bag backpack meals are a good set up.
3. Clothing Your Bug Out Bag clothes should be similar to what you would pack for a weekend backpacking trip. A pair of sturdy boots or shoes. A pair of long pants (preferably not blue jeans) 2 Pairs of socks (preferably not cotton) 2 Shirts (Maybe 1 long sleeve and 1 short sleeve for layering) A Jacket that is both warm and protection from rain Warm long underwear of some kind A hat A Bandana (30 Uses for a Bandana) This list could go on for a while and many people would never dream of leaving their Bug Out Bag without twice that much, but in a pinch that set up could get you by for 3 days. Be sure to plan for the weather in your area: Do You have Seasonal Clothes in Your Bug Out Bag?
4. Shelter If you are going to survive for 3 days you are going to need protection from the elements and a warm dry place to sleep. You need at least: Some type of tent or tarp and a way to set it up A ground tarp for underneath your shelter to stay dry or a sleeping pad (Never underestimate the importance of this) Some type of Bedroll, preferably a good sleeping bag.
5. First Aid Kit Trying to cover everything you need in your Bug Out Bag First Aid Kit is another article entirely to itself, probably several more. I won’t try to cover it because I would surely leave something out. What I will do is recommend that you build your own First Aid Kit instead of buying one of those prepackaged first aid kits that claim to have 1001 things to get you through any emergency. While some are ok, in my experience these types of kits are usually filled with a lot of stuff you are unlikely to need and not enough of the things you will probably need a lot of. Plus, building your own first aid kit gives you an intimate knowledge of what it contains and how to use it. How many people buy one of those pre-made set ups and just assume they are prepared because there’s so much crap in it there must be what I need? Bad Idea.
6. Basic Gear Basic Camping and Survival Gear sounds repetitive (what have I been talking about?) but it is my category for the things you absolutely cannot live without but don’t really fit well into another category. Many survivalists will not like this list because it is not exhaustive by any means, but again I will say: It will be enough to get you by for a couple of days. Rain Gear – at least 2 ways to stay dry in the rain. Poncho and Coat are good coupled with your Tent/Shelter Fire – A bare minimum of 3.
You’re also going to need something to cut your firewood and a knife uses too much energy long term: consider a survival chainsaw. Cooking – Bare minimum here is a small pot/large cup to boil water in for both drinking and freeze dried meals. A small backpacking stove and fuel are better. Light – At least 2 dependable flashlights and a backup set of batteries for each. Survival Knife – The most used and most versatile tool in your Bug Out Bag is your survival knife.
7. Weapons The fact of the matter is you are might be dealing with a “Without Rule of Law” situation, or close to it, and people are likely to do crazy things. Being prepared to defend yourself is part of the survivalist mindset. Obviously a firearm of some sort is best for this. (Though not in all situations) I will not go into specifics about what type of gun you should bring because that is hotly debated and really a personal choice. Take what is comfortable to you. Outside of guns your survival knife could be used as weapon if you had to. Also something as simple as a big walking stick or club can be a strong deterrent for bad guys. It’s all about giving yourself options.