When it comes to clean water, you're obviously going to want to have your own clean, continuous source. However, that won't always be the case and you may not always have a portable water filter either. That being said, USA Today came out with some basic, but must know tips for finding fresh water. Here are 5 Steps To Find A Water Source for survival.
Step 1 - Use Your Ears
Listen for sources of water while standing quietly. It can be hard to hear a rushing river or stream when you are stepping on twigs and leaves, so stand still for at least five minutes, paying close attention to any sounds that resemble rushing water.
Step 2 - Animal Tracks
Look for converging animal tracks, says the Wilderness Survival Skills website. Solitary animal tracks usually don’t mean much, but if you notice several animal tracks within close proximity, chances are you’re near a primary water source used by the area wildlife. Search the immediate area for water.
Step 3 - Downhill
Head downhill. If you can’t hear any water and you don’t notice any tracks, your best bet is to move into a valley or rocky crevice. Rain and stream water naturally drains downward. Even if you don't see signs of water, chances are you’ll eventually stumble upon it if you keep heading into lower regions of the wilderness.
Step 4 - Insects
Pay attention to insect prevalence, especially mosquitoes. Many common insects lay their larvae in pools of water and live near water sources for most of their lives. Mosquitoes are often the easiest to spot, since they will try to bite you. As you notice the number of insects increasing, you are likely nearing a water source.
Step 5 - Soil Digging
Dig into muddy or damp soil. If you dig into the soil, you might uncover an underground water source. This is a last resort, since unfiltered groundwater is usually very dirty, but even dirty water will help keep you alive. Use your hands to dig, rather than using a piece of wood or a rock, since they allow you to literally scoop dirt out of the hole.